Roop Tera Mastana -What and Why??

It is a known fact that working out or running to peppy songs fuels the body and stimulates the motor areas of the brain. On one such occasion I found myself humming the tune of the popular remixed Hindi song “Roop tera mastana…”. My mind diverts to the english rap lyrics in between…..

“The woman with black hair and skin so sweet,

the color of ….(something something.. la…la…la…) ;P

Universally respected, world wide accepted,

beauty and brains with the heart thats connected !”

( As you see I was not giving it my complete attention !! ūüėÄ )

Now listening to such lyrics may or may not alter your mood, but I for one get all pumped up and proud of being an Indian woman. That get’s me thinking what is it about the Indian subcontinent that captivates people? There is definitely no scarcity of beauty in the world, so the characterizing factor is probably our colorful and rich traditions.

Solah Shringaar‘ –¬†the 16 adornments and certain beauty rituals are performed by many South Asian women. They are most popular before marriage to prepare a bride or during festivities or Puja’s (Prayer ceremonies) like Karwachauth and Teej. They cover the lady from head to toe, adding a sparkle to her beauty.[1]¬†

During weddings these adornments start much before the final wedding ritual. The bride and groom are prepared by the family and friends in fun rituals like Haldi/ Ubtan/ Mandha etc.. (Applying Turmeric paste) and Mehendi (Heena designs) customs. Haldi is said to ward off evil spirits from affecting the couple. Apart from being auspicious the Ayurvedic benefits of haldi are well known. It is said to beautify, cleanse and detoxify the skin, rendering a beautiful glow.

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Bride ready for ‘Haldi’ ceremony dressed in auspicious yellow color Photo credit- Rupesh Ratan Umaria Featuring -Richa

October and November usually beckon the festivities for Indian’s, a lot of occasions to dress up and make merry, be it the Navratri Garba, Dushera , Karwachauth or Diwali. Being a not so new, yet not that old bride myself (Trust me the first year post marriage vaporizes in simply acknowledging the festivities), I decided to look into the history and mythological significance of dressing up the way we have seen our mother’s get ready, and why we are ‘supposed’ to dress a certain way for such ceremonies.

My research was mostly online and from my elders and friends. It can vary culturally or geographically, this is just an overview. The good thing that did come out of this article, for me personally, is a deeper understanding and respect for certain traditions. To understand the thought behind it simply puts things into perspective rather than following it blindly. On a lighter note I will probably be less lazy and put in more effort to doll up for the festivities!

Starting from head to toe:

  1. Sindoor/vermillion
  2. Mangtika
  3. Bindi
  4. Hair decoration
  5. Kajal
  6. Nose ring
  7. Earrings
  8. Mangalsutra
  9. Arm band
  10. Bangles
  11. Mehendi
  12. Waist band
  13. Anklet / Payal and Toe rings
  14. Perfume
  15. Red saree
  16. Some also consider these:

Sindoor / Vermilion

There is something very pious in the wedding ritual of applying Sindoor / Vermilion by the groom on the brides head. Sindoor is a red powder (easily available in liquid form as well) applied in the center hair parting on the head during the Hindu marriage ceremony. Not being very Bollywood like or dramatic (‘Aurat ke sar ka taaj…’etc… please excuse me! ) I simply consider it a proud declaration of wedlock, red being the general color signifying matrimony.

The parting of the woman’s hair is symbolic of a river, and since the day of the wedding it symbolizes her husband’s life and well-being, a river of red blood full of life. Hence, traditionally widowed women do not apply sindoor, depicting a barren dry river bed. Heartbreaking, yes, but this was the reasoning behind it.

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Sindoor @thedeardiaryblog2016

Sindoor is composed of an orange-red pigment vermilion. This is purified and powdered form of cinnabar, which is the chief form in which mercury sulfide naturally occurs. As with other compounds of mercury, sindoor is toxic and must be handled carefully. Sometimes, red lead (lead tetroxide, also known as minium) is added to sindoor.[2]

Traditional sindoor was made with turmeric and alum or lime, or from other herbal ingredients. Unlike red lead and vermilion, these are not poisonous.

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Mangtika

The pendant shape or round bor (Rajasthani style) , be it any design this hair accessory instantly adds that complete look to a bride. Seated on the Ajna chakra (center of spiritual energy) zone like the bindi, it signifies the holy union of the male and female on a spiritual, physical and emotional level. This has captured the imagination of fashion guru’s across the globe and people in the west are also enjoying pairing this accessory in fun ways.

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©thedeardiaryblog2016 Three string Mangtika
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Mangtika Photo credit-Rupesh Ratan Umaria Contributor -Richa

 

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©thedeardiaryblog2016 The Rajasthani Bor design
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Bindi

The use of ‘Bindi’ has always been popular in the Indian subcontinent. It is optional for unmarried women but considered essential to complete the married lady’s look. Of course in modern times women have adopted different forms of use for the ‘Bindi’ depending on their comfort or customs. There is no denying that it add’s an extra charm and complements the traditional look.

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©thedeardiaryblog2016

My love for the ‘Bindi’ has been fairly recent, I have not experimented with it much but researching for this piece I felt motivated to use it more often.

‘Bindi’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Bindu’ symbolizing a dot. There are various interpretations for its use, but the most popular one states that the site of Bindi application (between the eyebrows) is the seat of ‘concealed wisdom’. Hence the Bindi retains energy and strengthens concentration. In Yoga we believe this is the site of the ‘Ajna’ Chakra (There are different Chakra- centre of spiritual energy within the body) meaning ‘Command centre’.¬†From Vedic times, the bindi was created as a means to worship one’s intellect. Therefore, it was used by both men and women. Sandalwood bindi’s were applied to keep the ‘Ajna’ cool, women started applying Vermilion (using the red powder, creating a dot with the tip of the ring finger). Over time there are numerous styles of bindi’s, popularly the self adhesive one’s are used.

Regionally the style of Bindi varies in India. In Maharashtra a large crescent moon shaped bindi (as seen below) is worn with at times a smaller black dot underneath or above.

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Maharashtrian style ‘Bindi’ Photo credit- Magic Memoirs Featuring- Komal

In south a smaller red bindi with a white tilak at bottom, or red tilak shaped. In Rajasthan the bindi is any of the three round, long tilak or crescent. In Bengal a large round red bindi is worn.

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Photo credit- Kanwal photography Featuring -Mrs.Vivacious South Asia Canada 2016 Sharmini Ray

Decorative and ornamental bindis were introduced to other parts of the world by South Asian immigrants. International celebrities such as Gwen Stefani, Julia Roberts, Madonna, Selena Gomez and many others have been seen wearing bindis.[3]

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Hair decorations-

Traditionally the brides hair are decorated with fresh flowers (mostly Jasmin) to spread a sweet fresh fragrance on her arrival.

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Photo credit – Kanwal photography Featuring- Mrs.Vivacious South Asia Canada 2016 Sharmini Ray
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Photo credit- Kanwal photography Featuring-Mrs.Vivacious South Asia Canada 2016 Sharmni Ray
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Hair decoration Photo credit- Contributor – Richa
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Kajal

Kohl (or Kajal) was used by Egyptians, Africans as well as south Asians. Since ancient times Egyptians used it as a form of adornment for the eyes, and also as a cure for any eye ailment. They believed that Kohl could protect the eyes from the harsh sun rays, and therefore large amounts were used to line the upper and lower lash lines.

In india a dot of kohl is applied near the eyes or behind the ear as a protection from warding off negative vibes or evil ¬†(in Hindi termed as ‘Buri nazar’).

Call it anything but there is no denying the attractive effect it has when applied beautifully on the eyes. These days it’s considered almost an essential and minimalistic adornment of the modern Indian woman on a daily basis.[4]

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Photo credit- Kanwal photography Featuring- Mrs. Vivacious South Asia Canada 2016 Sharmini Ray
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Nose ring

This piece of ornament holds special value to me personally, being a Pahari (Pahari = Belonging to the Hills) the ‘Nath’ (Hindi for Nose ring) is a very important ornament. The Pahari women wear their Nose rings on every pious occasion along with their ‘Pichora’ (Traditional shawl).

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Pahari women wearing traditional nose ring and traditional shawl called ‘Pichora’ Photo credit – Mr. Sukhmoy G.Majumdar

The concept behind the huge size of Pahari nose rings was that the more your family progressed (richer you get), the more amount of gold and precious stones were added to the nose ring. As you can imagine that increased the weight and discomfort but somehow it never seem’s to bother them much! Supporting these rings are chains pinned to the hair to lift them up and obviously they use their hands too, but these women from Kumaon and Garhwal (Two parts of Uttarakhand) carry it off with utmost grace.[5,6]

As with the bindi the nose ring varies regionally in design and materials. Here are a few examples:

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Slideshow : Pahari nose ring, Marathi style nose ring, and Himanchal style nose ring 

The other regions and communities also have a major significance for the Nose ring. In many communities like the Rajput community nose piercing is the norm for young girls and on regular days they generally wear a plain small gold/ silver ring, diamond stud or just a black splint to keep the piercing open and infection free.

Generally the left nostril is pierced and Ayurveda associates this site as linked to the female reproductive system. Hence this process supposedly makes childbirth easier.

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Earrings/ Karnphool –

One more tradition arising from Ayurveda regarding pressure points, the ear lobe is considered to be the site to maintain the health of kidney and bladder. The ear ornaments come in various designs and styles. Some cover the entire ear lobe while some are pinned to the hair. Some designs are regionally more popular like the Temple design in the Southern parts of India. These are considered holy and it was believed that wearing them wards of evil from entering the mind.

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Necklace/ Haar/ Mangalsutra-

In sanskrit ‘Mangal’ means holy and ‘sutra’ means thread.

According to Hindu tradition, the mangalsutra is worn for the long life of the husband. Dictated by religious customs and social expectations, married women have to wear mangalsutra throughout their life as it is believed that the practice enhances the well-being of her husband.

Known by different names in different parts of India, the designs also vary a lot by region. The black beads are said to ward of evil and bless the married couple, keeping the groom healthy and long-lived.

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Photo credit- Seema studio Featuring- Chayanika wearing traditional nose ring, neck piece- Galoband and Haar, Pahari ‘Paunchi’ (traditional gold bead bangles), Waist band
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Arm band/ Baaju bandh-

This attractive accessory has enhanced the look of women since centuries. It is basically a precious metal band around the arm, worn below the sleeve line. It was considered a symbol of strength and position worn by kings and queens. These days paired with Indo-western styles along with the kamar bandh (waist band) by girls.

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Waist band/ Kamarbandh/ Kardhini-

Apart from accentuating the waist line and holding the saree in place , these are beautiful  bands or chains (often encrusted with jewels) are made of gold or silver.

Traditionally used for holding a bunch of keys (symbol of responsibility of the food pantry and house) . The use of kamarbandh is associated with the establishment of being the dutiful daughter in law at their new home, as per popular Indian traditional and cultural belief.

Popularly worn these days by unmarried girls also, as a very attractive and enticing fashion accessory!

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Bangles- 

Every household blessed with girl child or feminine presence echoes with the musical sound of the bangles. This beautiful adornment holds special significance to married women. Color and materials differ widely from wood, glass, ceramic, gold, silver, shell, ivory bangles are made of many materials.

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Red bangles Chooda Photo credit-Rupesh Ratan Umaria Contributor -Richa

Gold and glass bangles are considered auspicious by most regions in India. In Bengal the new bride wears conch shell bangle and a red coral bangle locally called shakha and pola. Rajasthan and Gujarat the Ivory bangles or chooda are famous. In Gujurat the maternal uncle gives her the chooda. So is the case with Punjabi brides, they wear these red and white chooda for minimum forty days or longer depending on the individual family custom’s.[7]

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Punjabi Chooda Photo credit- Featuring- Talvinder

In Maharashtra brides wear green bangles to signify creativity, new life and fertility.They also wear solid gold bangles called ‘Patlya’ and carved kadas called ‘Tode’.

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Photo credit-Magic Memoirs Featuring- Komal

In some places the brides hang attractive ‘kalire’ to their bangles and shower it over the unmarried girls before the wedding ceremony. It is said, on whoever a part of the ‘kalire’ drops, she will be the next bride!

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Kalire Photo crdit- Featuring – Talvinder
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Mehendi / Henna

This adornment is so popular that its application has become an essential full day, fun and frolic filled event for family and friends during weddings. The bride (in some cultures the groom as well) and all women sit together to get their Mehendi/Henna applied by professionals or friends.

Mehendi ¬†is derived from the Sanskrit word “Mendhika”. Haldi (staining oneself with turmeric paste) as well as mehndi are Vedic customs, intended to be a symbolic representation of the outer and the inner sun. Vedic customs are centered on the idea of “awakening the inner light”. Another popular belief is that the depth of color depicts how much your spouse loves you ( Trust me I don’t make up this stuff! ).

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Mehendi Photo credit- Magic Memoirs Featuring- Komal

Mehendi is a popular form of temporary skin decoration with local variants in design. It is widely used in India, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives etc.

On a funnier note it plays a very important role in story lines of many Bollywood movies, numerous songs are dedicated to it!

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Anklet/ Payal & Toe rings / Bichiya-

The tiny bells attached to the decorative ornaments of the feet create a sweet tinkling sound announcing the arrival of the bride. (The daughter and daughter in law are considered the form of Goddess Lakshmi by Hindu’s).

It is widely believed that by wearing a payal, one’s energy is not wasted but re-vibrated back to one’s body. This is because, under the Hindu belief, our feet and hands are emanating energy constantly. Precious metals are thought to prevent the release of this energy, and insulate the person from negative environments.

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Anklets Photo credit- Magic Memoirs Featuring – Komal

Toe rings/ Bichiya its is believed that they press on certain nerves that pertain to the reproductive system, keeping it in balance and healthy. The reflexology texts mention treating gynecological problems by massaging the second toe.

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Toe rings Photo credit- Magic Memoirs Featuring- Komal
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Perfumes-

The most obvious adornment is for the bride to smell pleasant and attractive, especially to announce her arrival. A sweet scent should fill her surroundings to make everyone aware of the presence of the lady.

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Red saree / Bridal Trousseau

Red is considered the holy color signifying matrimony by Hindu’s but these days brides wear any color for the wedding generally avoiding white and black as being unholy for such occasions.

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Bridal dress Red Lehenga Photo credit- Rupesh Ratan Umaria Contributor -Richa
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Photo credit- Kanwal photography Featuring- Mrs. Vivaciou Mrs.South Asia Canada 2016 Sharmini Ray
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Haathphool-

Hathphool, three of the chains pass to a bracelet and five to each of the fingers where they are secured by finger rings. In some cases, the left hand thumb ring may contain a mirror, known as Aarsi.

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Haathphool Photo credit- Contributor -Richa
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Aarsi

Aarsi is the thumb ring which some brides wear. It mostly has mirror embedded on it and enable the bride to have a glimpse of herself as well as her life-partner because during wedding rituals bride has a veil and can not see face of her to be life partner.

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Mahur

Mahur is a type of red color ink made out of some plants. In some regions a thick red line is drawn along the outer border of the foot. Mostly in Bengal and some tribal areas Mahur is used to decorate the feet.

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Wow!!! Wasn’t this a beautiful journey through traditions? I know the red button in your mind is probably beeping …WARNING!! WARNING!! INFORMATION OVERLOAD but you can’t deny – this post open’s your eyes to the fact that there is a lot more than just getting dolled up ūüôā

Special Thanks to all the contributers and models : Komal, Richa, Chayanika, Mrs. VIvacious Mrs.South Asia Canada 2016 Sharmini Ray, Talvinder, Mr. Sukhmoy G.Majumdar for photographs.
Reference :
1) http://www.india.com/whatever/karwa-chauth-2015-significance-of-solah-shringar-to-beautify-your-look-on-this-auspicious-day-669217/
2) Indian Academy of Pediatrics (1973). “Indian pediatrics, Volume 10”. Indian Academy of Pediatrics, 1973.¬†“The Hazards of Synthetic Sindoor”. Hinduism Today. 2004-10-12. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
3) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bindi_(decoration)
4) Kapoor, V P (July 2007). “Kohl and Sindoor: the potential source of lead poisoning”.EnviroNews. 13 (3). Retrieved 2008-03-09.
5) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/dehradun/NRI-pahadi-brides-eye-Kumaoni-Pichora/articleshow/50163441.cms
6) https://threads.werindia.com/culture/pahari-naath-the-auspicious-nose-ring/
7) http://www.bollywoodshaadis.com/articles/the-true-significance-of-bangles-in-indian-culture-1665

3 Comments Add yours

  1. Vijay laxmi Singh says:

    Truly an informative blog… coers each and every aspect of beauty and beautiful..written in a very interesting and authentic manner ,infact,the great digging and probing into the relevance of dessing up in a particular way before any particular ocassion lends dignity and elegance to the whole concept ….great job !

    Liked by 2 people

  2. This is a great post giving every details of the rituals and the needs for a marriage, especially for the bride. Truly traditional Indian style. It can also be like a ready reckoner to any one who seeks to know of Indian traditional things which are a must.
    A very good title.
    A must read for a bride, bridegroom and there parents.
    My Pats!
    Shiva
    ūüĎćūüĎŹūüíóūüôŹ

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Dr Supratim Pal says:

    Nice work. A must read!

    Liked by 1 person

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